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PPP Loans vs. Worker Retention Credit score in 2023

PPP Loans vs. Worker Retention Credit score in 2023

The Paycheck Safety Program (PPP) and Worker Retention Credit score (ERC) had been created to assist companies keep afloat throughout COVID-19. If the pandemic has had a detrimental influence in your small enterprise, you would possibly wonder if you may reap the benefits of each of those packages. Preserve studying to seek out out.

Key Factors:

  • The PPP was a forgivable mortgage. The ERC is a refundable tax credit score.
  • The PPP mortgage program is now not accessible. The ERC can nonetheless be claimed retroactively.
  • Companies that acquired a PPP mortgage can nonetheless apply for the ERC.
  • Worker wages used to obtain PPP mortgage forgiveness can’t be utilized in your ERC declare.

What Is the Paycheck Safety Program?

Established by the CARES Act and administered by the U.S. Small Enterprise Administration (SBA), the PPP provided loans of as much as $10 million to small companies that confronted monetary hardship because of COVID-19. 

So long as you certified, you possibly can have acquired a mortgage for as much as 2.5 occasions of your common month-to-month payroll prices. The mortgage will be forgiven utterly in the event you file a forgiveness utility and present you used the proceeds to cowl lease, utilities, payroll prices, and different qualifying bills.

what is the employee retention credit

What’s the Worker Retention Credit score?

The ERC is a refundable payroll tax credit score for certified wages paid to staff in 2020 and 2021. It was created below the CARES Act and administered by the Inner Income Service (IRS) to encourage companies to retain their staff in the course of the pandemic. 

You might qualify in the event you skilled partial shutdowns resulting from authorities orders or important declines in quarterly gross receipts resulting from COVID-19. Should you meet sure eligibility standards, you may declare as a lot as $5,000 per worker in 2020 and as a lot as $21,000 per worker in 2021.

Variations Between PPP and ERC

Whereas the PPP and ERC had been each designed to assist companies which have struggled financially because of the pandemic, there are a number of noteworthy variations between these two packages.

Kind of funding Forgivable mortgage Tax credit score
Funding time 10 days 3-6 months
Price Any funds you didn’t obtain forgiveness for None
Quantity 2.5x the common month-to-month payroll prices As much as $26,000 per W-2 worker
Nonetheless accessible No Sure

Kind of Funding

The PPP gives a forgivable mortgage. Should you used the funds on payroll, lease, and different qualifying bills, you wouldn’t must pay it again. Within the occasion you used a part of the mortgage for non-qualifying causes, that portion received’t be forgiven. You’ll must repay it with a hard and fast rate of interest of 1% over a interval of both two or 5 years. The ERC, alternatively, is a tax credit score you received’t must repay.

Funding Time

Should you certified for the PPP mortgage, you’d have acquired the funds through direct deposit, often inside ten days of approval. The ERC, nonetheless, might be distributed to you after you file Kind 941-X and the IRS has reviewed your declare. The IRS will course of the credit score you’re owed and ship you a test. The IRS can take wherever from 3-6 months+ to course of your credit score. We extremely advocate reserving your house in line now by submitting the mandatory paperwork with the IRS.


It was free to use for the PPP mortgage. You’ll solely incur a value in the event you don’t use the mortgage proceeds on qualifying bills and should pay it again. There’s no governmental price to obtain the ERC both. It’s a tax credit score you can obtain by submitting an amended payroll tax type for every of the tax intervals that you just qualify for. The one expense you could face might be service costs in the event you ask an accountant or tax skilled to help in making ready and submitting your tax varieties.


The eligibility necessities for the ERC had been up to date in 2021. 

2020 {qualifications}:

  • Qualifying wages of as much as 100 full-time staff
  • A lower in gross income of at the very least 50% in comparison with the corresponding quarter in 2019
  • Or both a full or partial suspension of enterprise operations created by a authorities mandate 

2021 {qualifications}:

  • Qualifying wages of as much as 500 full-time staff
  • A lower in gross income of at the very least 20% in comparison with the corresponding quarter in 2019
  • Or both a full or partial suspension of enterprise operations created by a authorities mandate

PPP mortgage necessities included:

  • A small enterprise with 500 staff or much less
  • The enterprise was operational earlier than February 15, 2020
  • For second-draw loans, the enterprise should have used up earlier mortgage funds and show a 25% or extra discount in gross income.

Can You Get Worker Retention Credit score and PPP?

Initially, a enterprise that acquired a PPP mortgage was not eligible for the ERC. Due to the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021, nonetheless, a enterprise that acquired a PPP mortgage may additionally apply for the ERC retroactively again to 2020. 

The caveat, nonetheless, is you can’t use the wages that qualify you for PPP mortgage forgiveness to find out your ERC quantity. You’ll want documentation that proves you’re not “double dipping” and utilizing each packages to cowl the identical wages. 

Let’s say you used your PPP funds to pay for $50,000 in wages and also you anticipate to qualify for forgiveness. On this state of affairs, you may’t use these wages which have been forgiven to calculate your ERC.

Tips on how to Apply for PPP and ERC

You possibly can now not apply for a PPP mortgage, however you may nonetheless fill out an utility for the ERC. Should you’d like to say the ERC, you are able to do so on Kind 941-X. Don’t hesitate to seek the advice of a tax skilled for help.

How to apply for the employee retention credit

Tips on how to Maximize the PPP and ERC

There are a number of methods you may maximize the advantages of each the PPP and ERC, together with: 

  • Should you included non-payroll prices in your PPP mortgage forgiveness utility, present you used a minimal of 60% of the full mortgage on payroll. This fashion you’ll be eligible for full forgiveness. 
  • Within the occasion you don’t listing qualifying non-payroll prices in your utility, you need to show that you just used 100% of the mortgage quantity on payroll to get your mortgage utterly forgiven.
  • Present detailed explanations to assist the tax skilled you’re employed with perceive precisely how the federal government orders impacted what you are promoting. This may assist them maximize the quantity you qualify for.
  • Don’t overlook to separate the full payroll prices you used for the PPP mortgage from the full payroll prices you listing with the ERC. This may help you keep away from getting denied for utilizing the identical payroll prices for each packages.
  • Use a tax skilled vs. submitting your self. Although you could pay cash, these professionals typically perceive this system a lot better than you ever may by yourself. Because of this, they typically may help you qualify for more cash than you’d by yourself. In addition they will assist be sure that you file the credit score accurately in order that within the occasion of an audit your entire i’s are dotted and t’s are crossed.

Reap the Advantages of the PPP and ERC

Should you beforehand utilized for PPP, there’s no motive to not apply for the ERC. By doing so, you may mitigate the monetary losses you will have incurred in the course of the pandemic and set what you are promoting up for future success. 

See If You Qualify For The ERC

Lendio’s ERC utility is designed to simplify the method at each step. 

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