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Purchase, Rehab, Lease, Refinance, Repeat

Purchase, Rehab, Lease, Refinance, Repeat

You’ve seen it on TV—a superb investor takes out a mortgage, buys dozens of properties, flips them for revenue, and pays off their mortgage.

They get ebook offers and TV exhibits and make it look simple.

(In contrast to your pals who took out a mortgage, purchased a property, didn’t flip it, and nearly acquired divorce. Twice.)

Overlook bravado as a tactic and depend on a confirmed technique—the BRRRR methodology.

This text will present you:

  • How the BRRRR methodology works.
  • Methods to use the BRRRR technique to spend money on actual property and make a revenue.
  • Methods to discover BRRRR properties within the first place (after which make a revenue from them).

Let’s BRRRRing it—

What’s the BRRRR Technique?

The BRRRR methodology is an actual property funding technique for purchasing, renovating, and renting out properties. The method entails discovering low cost properties, flipping them to make use of as leases, cashing out on their fairness, after which starting the method once more to fund one other funding.

What does BRRRR imply?

BRRRR is an acronym for Purchase, Rehab, Lease, Refinance, Repeat (also referred to as Purchase, Renovate, Lease, Refinance, Repeat).

It is a strong enterprise mannequin if you wish to be a landlord or in case your aim is to rapidly flip a hefty revenue in your properties.

What’s a BRRRR property?

BRRRR actual property covers many properties, together with houses, duplexes, triplexes, and industrial items. Any actual property you should buy, repair up, hire out, and refinance could be a BRRRR property.

For the BRRRR components to work, you already must know the fundamentals of renovation technique. If you happen to’ve by no means tried flipping a home for a revenue, be sure to perceive what it takes to renovate.

How Does the BRRRR Technique Work?

The BRRRR investing technique is actually shopping for a property low—doing a little minor renovations—renting it out—then utilizing the fairness to refinance and buy one other property—then repeating again and again till you’ve gotten a property empire.

If you happen to comply with these 4 steps each time you go from one funding alternative to a different, it is best to be capable to do the BRRRR methodology efficiently. You’ll must preserve monitor of some issues to make a hit of the BRRRR technique:

  • The size of every stage (how lengthy did it take to search out, purchase, renovate, and hire out your properties).
  • How a lot did you spend throughout every step (down funds, restore prices, month-to-month payments)?
  • How a lot fairness you’ve created with each deal?

The main distinction between the BRRRR methodology and others is the concentrate on distressed properties or properties in areas that want revitalization.

If you happen to can spot the potential in a renovation and aren’t afraid of doing the exhausting work, there’s a ton of cash to be made.

However should you’ve by no means tried to flip a property, that also leaves the query of how one can begin the BRRRR methodology. All of it begins with B—purchase!

BRRRR Technique Step by Step

Let’s break down the BRRRR methodology for newcomers (and embrace some examples alongside the best way).


Purchase low, promote excessive. That’s the house-flipping mantra. When shopping for BRRRR actual property, you’ll need to purpose actually low. A phrase of warning—many of the dangers may be discovered at this primary stage, so it’s essential to get it proper.

What’s on the guidelines to discover a BRRRR property worthy of your exhausting work? For the reason that complete level of the BRRRR methodology is so as to add worth, begin with a spot that wants restore—an actual fixer-upper (or a distressed property as they’re identified within the commerce).

Discovering the stability between the shopping for worth, the price of the work concerned, and the top worth of the true property is important. Earlier than you bounce into the world of BRRRR, let’s study a number of the lingo.

The very first thing to know—ARV

That is the After Restore Worth, an estimate of the property’s price after you’ve got accomplished the repairs and renovations. Including the refurb worth is hard and subjective, however you may get a tough concept from the costs of comparable houses within the space with the identical degree of end.

A rule of thumb is to spend solely 70% of the ARV minus value of repairs.

The components is: (ARV x 70%) – Restore Prices = Most Bid That is known as—fairly unsurprisingly—the “70% Rule” in actual property circles. Right here’s an instance of what it means in follow:

Asking worth $250,000
Worth added by renovations $50,000
Estimated ARV $300,000
70% Rule $210,000
Restore prices $10,000
Most bid $200,000

When shopping for property to earn a living, it’s important to depart a margin for error. Following the 70% Rule offers you reassurance that you simply’ll full the undertaking and are available out with some fairness.

Before you purchase, do your analysis

You must know:

  • How doubtless it’s that you’ll get a mortgage on the property (B).
  • How a lot roughly the renovation will value (R).
  • The provision and worth of different leases within the space (R).
  • What refinancing choices you’ll have on the property after refurb (R).
  • How a lot money you’ll have for the subsequent undertaking (R).

On common, most traders will spend round $10,000–$20,000 to begin investing in actual property utilizing the BRRRR technique, however this quantity might range relying on the place you reside.

If you happen to assume you’ve got discovered the excellent funding however you are having hassle working the numbers, check out a BRRRR calculator. You will discover these on-line, and by plugging a number of numbers in, you will see what sort of revenue (or loss) you may make.

Bear in mind, a calculator cannot let you know precisely how issues will go or predict any unexpected circumstances, so use the numbers as a tough information.


While you renovate, do not go overboard. That is the highest tip. Create a price range, depart room for unexpected bills, and preserve the larger aim in thoughts. Do not begin by searching for marble counter tops and shag pile carpeting. At this stage, you need to make sure that your property is liveable.

Begin by giving your property a full overview. Take a look at:

  • Basis/construction
  • Electrical wiring
  • Plumbing
  • Heating
  • Insulation
  • Home windows

Search for something which may not be as much as code. Each state (even each locality) has its personal constructing codes you’ll want to satisfy. You’ll discover them on-line. You possibly can try the FEMA constructing codes for a federal overview. In case your rehab doesn’t meet these requirements, it means you’re doing one thing mistaken.

If there’s building work to be accomplished, get quotes from a number of contractors and crunch the numbers. Determine the place you may in the reduction of on cosmetics to make the place liveable. And bear in mind, you’ll be renting it out, so that you’re going to be liable for repairs and upkeep. Don’t scrimp on areas that’ll come again to chew you.

The roof, for instance, is perhaps okay once you purchase it, however after a number of years of wear and tear and tear will turn out to be much more pricey than touching it up now. After you have any structural or main work out of the best way, it’s time for the enjoyable—deliver on these marble counter tops!

Or—extra fairly—go utilitarian. Possibly marble-effect counter tops would look simply as good? Overspending will decrease your return on funding. Do some cost-benefit evaluation to see how one can get again the utmost outlay at this preliminary stage.

From the start, take into consideration how a lot hire you’re going to cost and plan your remaining beauty work accordingly. Curb enchantment issues, certain, however you’re not really going to reside there.


The following stage within the BRRRR funding plan is to determine your hire. Time for an additional well-named rule!

Methods to estimate the hire worth

The “1% Rule” is widespread with BRRRR methodology veterans, a easy piece of math to estimate how a lot it is best to cost per thirty days. This ought to be a minimum of the quantity you pay for the mortgage (you probably have one). In any other case, you actually gained’t break even.

Time for extra BRRRR methodology examples: Say you’ve spent $250,000 shopping for and renovating your BRRRR property. $250,000 x 1% = $2,500. You may must cost a minimum of $2,500 a month to cowl your bills.

It is a tough estimate as a result of it would not take into account different working prices (like a rental supervisor) or how a lot different rental items within the space make as compared.

Earlier than shopping for, be sure you know the everyday rental charges within the space. In the event that they’re far lower than 1% of your buy worth, then shopping for and renting a property in that neighborhood makes little sense.

Discovering Renters

After that, it’s time to discover a appropriate rental candidate. Don’t simply go sticking flyers up on phone poles, although. It’s essential to be extra discerning than that. You’re a landlord now, in spite of everything.

Set some necessities, like earnings, age, employment historical past, and credit score rating. You possibly can ban pets and people who smoke, too. Having rental standards will show you how to discover the perfect tenant. You may hopefully be working with this individual for some time to return, so get it proper.

After you’ve got acquired a number of functions, slender down your search. Look into the rental historical past of your candidates and run a credit score test as a result of a powerful historical past with strong references can save a variety of complications later. 

Bear in mind, a secure rental historical past in your property can be essential when it is time to refinance, so take the time to get the proper tenant.

Since you will quickly be busy discovering and flipping different BRRRR properties, it is even price hiring a rental supervisor as your tenant’s level of contact. Simply be sure you issue this into your ongoing prices.


Earlier than you begin over once more, there’s one final step to the BRRRR methodology—the BRRRR refinance. This may be tough, so let’s get this proper.

First, you constructed up fairness in your property after which discovered a secure tenant. That is going to look nice to no matter lender you method for refinancing your property.

They’re going to additionally need to see your credit score report, the money circulate on the property, and an appraisal. Each lender could have their standards, however so will you for taking their cash.

First, solely take a BRRRR cash-out refinance. That’s when your present mortgage is changed with a brand new one which faucets into the fairness you’ve constructed up within the property. You’ll have a better mortgage quantity on the brand new mortgage and get the distinction in money.

Take a look at your mortgage refinancing choices earlier than you commit. You possibly can overview a number of the greatest charges via Credible’s comparability device. 

One other potential pitfall is the requirement for an appraisal. This is among the much less well-known BRRRR methodology dangers. And in some methods, you haven’t any management over it. The rehab might need gone nice, and your property could possibly be the perfect on the block, however the worth may nonetheless have fallen in a market droop.

If that’s the case, take into account holding onto the property somewhat longer earlier than making an attempt to refinance. Turn into a incredible, attentive landlord, sketch out plans for the subsequent 5 years, and go for it when the market picks up once more!


The final a part of our BRRRR technique step-by-step information is easy. Do it over again. After the primary go-round, you’ll reply a easy query: “Is the BRRRR methodology price it?” It may be a steep studying curve, however take every thing you’ve got realized and apply it to your subsequent diamond within the tough. You have simply acquired to search out it first.

What Do The Specialists Should Say Concerning the BRRRR Technique?

Curious in regards to the BRRRR methodology? Questioning what the consultants must say? Mark Ferguson—founding father of InvestFourMore.com and an avid investor in actual property—has this to say in regards to the BRRRR methodology:

“I personally love the BRRRR technique however nonetheless flip as nicely. I are inclined to flip the properties l which might be nonetheless good offers however do not have the money circulate. Many homes in my space match this field since costs have gone up greater than rents. BRRRR works nice on multifamily or industrial with higher money circulate. Greater rates of interest have made it harder, however I all the time depart room for unknowns like shock repairs or financing adjustments.”

Methods to Discover BRRRR Properties

When searching for new BRRRR actual property tasks, you may’t solely browse the identical realty web sites as everybody else. As a substitute, get artistic to discover a deal in your subsequent property.

1. Participate in property auctions

Auctions are all the time going to be a goldmine for BRRRR traders. Sadly, meaning the competitors may be fierce too.

Earlier than you make that successful bid, learn via the authorized pack for properties you’re involved in. This gives you the circumstances of sale, a have a look at land registry paperwork, and information on any tenancy agreements. You will discover native auctions via websites like RealtyTrac and Public sale.com.

2. Search on-line property listings

Have you ever tried Googling “low cost properties on the market close to me”? I’m solely half-joking there. There are a ton of property web sites on the market which may maintain your subsequent dream undertaking.

Simply arrange alerts for properties going up on the market that meet your necessities. A fast search will generate leads particular to your space and any realtors who specialize within the buildings you are searching for.

3. Discover repossessions and foreclosures

It’s fairly easy to search out repossessed and foreclosed properties on the market. The mortgage big Freddie Mac sells foreclosed houses on its website HomeSteps, and you’ll even discover foreclosures via the Division of Housing and City Improvement.

Main realtors are inclined to record repossessions on their web sites (as do a number of the greatest banks within the nation, just like the Financial institution of America). Discover them fast, although, as a result of based on the newest knowledge, the variety of foreclosed houses goes down year-on-year.

4. Purchase from an actual property wholesaler

Wholesalers discover low cost, normally distressed, properties from homeowners that have not tried to place their home in the marketplace and snap them up for an inexpensive worth.

A short while later, with out doing a lot of something to the property, the wholesaler reaches out to search out an investor who needs to flip, places somewhat further on the highest, and sells for a tidy revenue. As a BRRRR funding technique, it leaves quite a bit to be desired.

Ideally, you’d discover these properties and keep away from paying the inflated charges a wholesaler provides. You may must preserve your eyes peeled for native adverts (both on or offline) and check out networking.

5. Drive for {dollars}

Or skip the intermediary altogether, and discover these houses your self. As a BRRRR technique, that is essentially the most chaotic selection you can also make, nevertheless it nonetheless works. It entails driving round an space you are involved in, discovering houses you assume is perhaps price an funding, and making a suggestion to the home-owner.

Turning up at somebody’s door and providing to purchase their home takes guts, however it may possibly reap the rewards. Owners typically will not put a dilapidated property in the marketplace as a result of they do not see the purpose. It is not definitely worth the problem or the authorized charges. You may make it simple by providing to purchase them out.

BRRRR Technique for Novices

We’ve advised you what BRRRR means, how one can do the BRRRR methodology step-by-step, and how one can discover BRRRR properties. Now you’ll discover out the place to begin.

Methods to discover BRRRR Loans

Discovering BRRRR financing isn’t as simple as simply shopping for a daily dwelling. Some particular mortgage sorts, just like the FHA 203k, are made for individuals shopping for fixer-uppers and renovating them.

Sadly, you can’t use a 203k mortgage on an funding property. It must be owner-occupied, not made for renting. For BRRRR loans, you may look to conventional banks, mortgage suppliers, and devoted BRRRR lenders.

Traders will want a powerful credit score rating (normally above 700) to qualify for financing via conventional strategies like banks or mortgage brokers.

Fortunately, many lenders now provide loans geared towards BRRRR traders searching for quick returns. These loans require smaller down funds than conventional financial institution mortgages, that means the entry barrier is decrease.

Additionally they enable debtors to make month-to-month interest-only funds. Although lending establishments typically choose consumers with excessive credit score scores, lenders on the market will give mortgages to individuals with decrease scores to finance a fixer-upper. You’ll want to talk immediately with lenders to grasp your choices for financing your BRRRR funding.

Bear in mind that BRRRR lenders may provide loans which have greater charges, however equally that conventional lenders will most certainly base any loans on the acquisition worth. You may make use of a house fairness line of credit score (HELOC) to finance your BRRRR buy, however that places the fairness of your present property at excessive danger.

BRRRR Technique vs Flipping

Actual property traders discuss quite a bit about flipping their technique to hundreds of thousands. Not as many take into account the BRRRR technique, so let’s take a sec to check these two approaches.

The preliminary purpose of each is to search out distressed properties with potential and purchase them up cheaply. And each strategies entail some renovation work so as to add worth to a fixer-upper. Now comes the cut up in route.

Home flippers wish to promote a renovation undertaking ASAP, take the revenue, and plow it straight again into their subsequent enterprise. BRRRR methodology followers don’t promote up. They discover a renter, construct extra fairness within the property, and use that to fund their subsequent undertaking.

While you evaluate the BRRRR methodology vs. flipping, it takes quite a bit longer to finish a technique cycle, and it may possibly value extra within the quick time period. That’s okay as a result of your eyes are on that candy rental prize that retains the money circulate coming lengthy after home flippers burn via theirs.

How Lengthy Does the BRRRR Technique Take?

Determining how one can use the BRRRR methodology means deciding how briskly you need to go. Of all of the levels (purchase, renovate, hire, refinance, repeat), the primary two will take the longest.

Discovering the proper property gained’t be a cakewalk should you do it correctly. And the rehab stage might take weeks or months to finish. The faster, the higher, because you don’t begin making any a refund in your funding earlier than hitting the rental stage.

There aren’t any exhausting and quick numbers to let you know how lengthy to finish one spherical of the BRRRR technique takes, similar to it’s tough to offer an actual BRRRR methodology success price. However do not forget that a six-month seasoning interval isn’t unusual for lenders to impose earlier than letting you refinance.

There are some insane tales of traders shopping for up and rehabbing over fifty properties within the area of six months, however for example that’s a dangerous technique. If you happen to’re beginning out, take it sluggish and attempt to get every thing proper the primary time. That’s one of the best ways to arrange the subsequent BRRRR cycle for fulfillment.

Purchase Rehab Lease Refinance Repeat: The Cycle Ends

And that’s the BRRRR methodology defined. If you wish to get into the true property market with little cash, the BRRRR methodology is a viable technique.

Bear in mind, chances are you’ll not see a lot of your earnings from one deal to the subsequent, however they’ll add up over time. Whether or not you select to go along with it full throttle or simply incorporate items right here and there, the secret is determining what is going on to work greatest for you by way of monetary funding versus danger tolerance.

Is the BRRRR methodology adequate so that you can strive? Oh, wait, you’re already searching for your keys to go driving for {dollars}?


See all

1% Rule in Actual Property: What It Is, How It Works, Examples. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.investopedia.com/phrases/o/one-percent-rule.asp

50 Properties in 6 Months Utilizing the BRRRR Technique. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.biggerpockets.com/weblog/real-estate-644

Constructing Codes Toolkit. (2021). FEMA. https://www.fema.gov/websites/default/information/paperwork/fema_building-codes-toolkit_07-19-2021.pdf

Value vs. Worth 2019 | Nationwide | Transforming. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.reworking.hw.web/cost-vs-value/2019/

Tenant Screening Standards Template | Landlord’s Information to Tenant Screening. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://rentprep.com/tenant-screening/tenant-screening-criteria/

U.S. Properties With Foreclosures Filings In First Six Months Of 2021 Hit All-time Low Of 65,082. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/us-properties-with-foreclosure-filings-in-first-six-months-of-2021-hit-all-time-low-of-65-082–301334336.html

What’s a Residence Fairness Line of Credit score and How Does it Work? (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.bankofamerica.com/mortgage/study/what-is-a-home-equity-line-of-credit/

What’s a authorized pack? | Public sale Home. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.auctionhouse.co.uk/information/what-is-a-legal-pack

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